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From: Pawan Gupta <>
Date: Tue, 13 Feb 2024 18:22:56 -0800
Subject: KVM: VMX: Move VERW closer to VMentry for MDS mitigation
Git-repo: git://
Git-commit: 43fb862de8f628c5db5e96831c915b9aebf62d33
Patch-mainline: Queued in subsystem maintainer repo
References: git-fixes

During VMentry VERW is executed to mitigate MDS. After VERW, any memory
access like register push onto stack may put host data in MDS affected
CPU buffers. A guest can then use MDS to sample host data.

Although likelihood of secrets surviving in registers at current VERW
callsite is less, but it can't be ruled out. Harden the MDS mitigation
by moving the VERW mitigation late in VMentry path.

Note that VERW for MMIO Stale Data mitigation is unchanged because of
the complexity of per-guest conditional VERW which is not easy to handle
that late in asm with no GPRs available. If the CPU is also affected by
MDS, VERW is unconditionally executed late in asm regardless of guest
having MMIO access.

Cc:  <>
Signed-off-by: Pawan Gupta <>
Acked-by: Sean Christopherson <>
Acked-by: Nikolay Borisov <>
 arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c |    8 +++++---
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
@@ -1738,7 +1738,8 @@ static __always_inline void vmx_enable_f

 static void vmx_update_fb_clear_dis(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
-	vmx->disable_fb_clear = vmx_fb_clear_ctrl_available;
+	vmx->disable_fb_clear = !cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_CLEAR_CPU_BUF) &&
+		vmx_fb_clear_ctrl_available;

 	 * If guest will not execute VERW, there is no need to set FB_CLEAR_DIS
@@ -9929,8 +9930,6 @@ static void __noclone vmx_vcpu_run(struc
 	/* L1D Flush includes CPU buffer clear to mitigate MDS */
 	if (static_branch_unlikely(&vmx_l1d_should_flush))
-	else if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_CLEAR_CPU_BUF))
-		mds_clear_cpu_buffers();
 	else if (static_branch_unlikely(&mmio_stale_data_clear) &&
@@ -9975,6 +9974,9 @@ static void __noclone vmx_vcpu_run(struc
 		"mov %c[rcx](%0), %%" _ASM_CX " \n\t" /* kills %0 (ecx) */

+		/* Clobbers EFLAGS.ZF */
 		/* Enter guest mode */
 		"jc 1f \n\t"
 		__ex(ASM_VMX_VMLAUNCH) "\n\t"